Homosexuality was not only permitted but welcomed in the Greek and Roman era. It was not until the middle ages that religious fanatics deemed homosexuals as social pariahs. Laws in America and throughout the world would be placed in banning this sexual act. In 1869 journalist Karoli Maria Kertbeny first used the terms “Homosexual,” or “homosexuality.”
Although, Freud is misunderstood by many, and has misguided notions, I do consider him quite compassionate in this letter he wrote to a mother who was troubled over her son:
“Homosexuality is assuredly no advantage, but it is nothing to be ashamed of, no vice, no degradation, it cannot be classified as an illness; we consider it to be a variation of the sexual function produced by a certain arrest of sexual development. Many highly respectable individuals of ancient and modern times have been homosexuals, several of the greatest men among them (Plato, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, etc.). It is a great injustice to persecute homosexuality as a crime, and cruelty too….
“If [your son] is unhappy, neurotic, torn by conflicts, inhibited in his social life, analysis may bring him harmony, peace of mind, full efficiency whether he remains a homosexual or gets changed….” (reprinted in Jones, 1957, pp. 208-209, from the American Journal of Psychiatry, 1951, 107, 786).
Although, Freud thought it stemmed from unresolved issues, he did not think it was anything other than different. The APA would beg to differ. (American Psychiatric Association)
Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Edmund Bergler infamously wrote in a book for general audiences, “I have no bias against homosexuals; for me they are sick people requiring medical help… Still, though I have no bias, I would say: Homosexuals are essentially disagreeable people, regardless of their pleasant or unpleasant outward manner… [their] shell is a mixture of superciliousness, fake aggression, and whimpering. Like all psychic masochists, they are subservient when confronted with a stronger person, merciless when in power, unscrupulous about trampling on a weaker person.”
Mid 19th century the first gay rights activist took people’s notice, Karl Heinrich. He criticized the German’s for their treatment of homosexuals and said that homosexuals are women trapped in men’s bodies. Karl Heinrich was trained in law, theology, and history.
Homosexuals were thought to be morally skewed and psychiatrists thought it was brought on from a number of experiences such as too much mothering, sexual abuse, hostile fathering, hormonal exposure, etc. They did not care about one activist- right- or- wrong.
Many new theories were in the midst of the making. Much like a person can be born left handed or right handed, it was argued, that a person could be born a homosexual. The argument was there need not be trauma nor does it need to be looked upon as demented behavior. It can happen naturally.
As the mid-20th century progressed the DSM-I was published by the APA and defined “‘homosexuality” as a “Sociopathic personality disturbance.’”
When the DSM-II came out (The DSM stands for diagnostic manual by which physiatrists label people) it was redefined as “Sexual deviation.”
Now, you are about to find out why people throw out the crazy one 1 out of 10 people are gay or 10% of the population… Alfred Kinsey and his team published several very noteworthy reports consisting of thousands of people who were not psychiatric patients.
His findings were one of shock. The general population had a much larger portion of homosexuals than generally thought. He claimed that 10% of the population engaged in homosexual acts. [now estimated to be closer to 1%-4%] The idea that 10% of the population could contain homosexuals that were not fraught with psychiatric problems was damning.
After this study made headlines more studies would develop to show that it occurred in nature and Evelyn Hooker, a psychologist, published a study in which she took 30 homosexuals and 30 heterosexuals without any presence sign of mental illness or any psychiatric problems. Her findings were that homosexuals were no different than the findings of the heterosexuals.
These and more finding were pouring in. However, there were plenty of other scientists reveling to produce insightful documents that deemed homosexuals as demented, with psychiatric illnesses.
While all of this was occur, gay rights activists were up in flames, and gaining momentum. The APA was being attacked from other angles, having nothing to do with homosexuality and they were under pressure. In 1973 the APA removed homosexuality from its lists of diagnosis as the DSM-III would be the first print in which homosexuals were not longer scrutinized as being an item to label.
Although, scientific literature played a part, the entire truth is that the homosexual activism led to this change by the APA. This must make you wonder, what is more powerful, the truth as science sees it, or the truth as the world sees it.